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CEFR Journal - Research and Practice - Volume 1 (May 2019)


Volume: CEFR Journal - Research and Practice Volume 1 (
Date: May 20, 2019
Title: Implementing the CEFR at a Vietnamese university—General English language teachers’ perceptions
Page: 41-57
Author: Le Thi Thanh Hai (University of Foreign Languages, Hue University) & Pham Thi Hong Nhung (University of Foreign Languages, Hue University)
This article is open access and licensed under an Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license.
Abstract: This paper reports preliminary findings regarding English language teachers’ perceptions of the top-down implementation of the CEFR for non-English major students at a university in Vietnam. The study follows a mixed method sequential design with the data being collected by means of questionnaire and interview. The findings have shown that General English (GE) language teachers have a sound understanding of the CEFR’s values, think positively about its readiness and have relatively good awareness around the necessity for its implementation. Yet they express major concerns about the work and tasks involved in the CEFR implementation process. The most frequently cited reasons are associated with time constraints, limited access to relevant teaching materials and the tremendous gap between students’ admission levels of proficiency and the expected CEFR-based learning outcomes. Relevant suggestions are drawn out with the hope of improving the process of implementing the CEFR in a specific context and facilitating fruitful educational changes to take place.

Keywords: perceptions, language policy, educational reform
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This online toolkit is supported by KAKEN Grant-in-Aid project no. 20K00759, no. 19K00808 and no. 16K02835 and aims to support teachers of all foreign languages in Japan in using the CEFR and CEFR/CV efficiently.