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CEFR Journal - Research and Practice - Volume 2 (June 2020)


Volume: CEFR Journal - Research and Practice Volume 2 (
Date: June 10, 2020
Title: Developing classroom mediation awareness and skills in pre-service language teacher education
Page: 25 - 39
Author:  Marina Perevertkina (Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia), Alexey Korenev (Lomonosov Moscow State University), & Maria Zolotareva (Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia)
This article is open access and licensed under an Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license.
Abstract: The introduction of mediation as the fourth mode of communication into the CEFR has the potential to revolutionise language teaching. The development of teachers’ competence in this area has become a challenge for teacher training. The paucity of curricula and courses aimed at developing pre-service teachers’ awareness and competence in mediating communication has motivated this research, and the article is intended to serve two main purposes, namely, to identify mediation activities performed by in-service teachers and to outline strategies of training preservice teachers. Research methodology included both qualitative analysis of 15 video-recorded lesson transcripts and quantitative analysis of a survey of 100 pre-service teachers of English in Russia. The lessons by Russian in-service teachers of English were analyzed to find evidence of classroom mediation and the survey was conducted to discover their familiarity with the CEFR and to elicit their views on the changes needed in teacher training after the appearance of the CEFR Companion Volume. The results indicate that communicating ideas and concepts lies at the core of classroom interaction, and thus special training is needed for language teachers to perform it. The practical implications of this study include a sample of piloted tasks for various proficiency levels aimed at facilitating the pre-service teachers’ awareness of mediation and the ability to perform it in the classroom.

Keywords: CEFR/CV, mediation, teacher training, awareness, professional communicative competence, in-service teachers, pre-service teachers
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(Last update March 6th, 2023 MGS)


This online toolkit is supported by KAKEN Grant-in-Aid project no. 20K00759, no. 19K00808 and no. 16K02835 and aims to support teachers of all foreign languages in Japan in using the CEFR and CEFR/CV efficiently.